Yale University History Update 2019 :
Yale University. Founded in 1701 and located in the historic city of New Haven in the state of Connecticut. More than 2000 undergraduate courses are offered each year in about sixty-five faculties and academic programs, forming a curriculum of extraordinary variety and depth. Faculty members are dedicated to the teaching of undergraduate students, a commitment for which Yale has been recognized for a long time.
The roots of Yale can be traced back to the 1640s when a group of colonial clergy took the initiative to establish a college in New Haven to preserve the European tradition of liberal education in the New World. This vision was fulfilled in 1701 when the concession was granted to the school. In 1718 the name of the school changed to Yale College in gratitude to the Welsh merchant Elihu Yale who donated the proceeds from the sale of nine bales of products, 417 books, and a picture of King George I.
Yale College survived the War of the American Revolution intact (1776-1781) and by the end of its first hundred years had grown rapidly. The nineteenth and twentieth centuries brought the establishment of the graduate and professional faculties that would make Yale a true university.
The Yale School of Medicine was concessioned in 1810, followed by the Faculty of Theology in 1822, the Faculty of Law in 1824, and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences in 1847 (which, in 1861, awarded the first Ph. D. (doctorate) in the United States), followed by the faculties of Art in 1869, Music in 1894, Forestry Engineering and Environmental Studies in 1900, Nursing in 1923, Drama in 1955, Architecture in 1972, and Administration in 1974. The University began admitting women at the graduate level in 1869 and at the undergraduate level in 1969.
Residential Schools :
Yale College was transformed in the early 1930s by the establishment of residential colleges. Using the medieval English universities such as the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge as a model, this distinctive system divides the undergraduate population into twelve separate communities, each with around 450 members. This allows Yale to offer its students the intimacy of a small school environment and at the same time offer the vast resources of a large research university. Each school is located around an interior courtyard and occupies up to a whole block of the city.
It also provides a welcoming community where residents live, eat, socialize, and practice a variety of academic and extracurricular activities. Each school has a teacher preceptor and a dean, in addition to a number of resident faculty members called fellows. Each school also has its own dining room, library, seminar rooms, recreation rooms, and other facilities.
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